Gymnastics is a physical sport that involves performance of exercises, tricks and impressive stunts performed by both genders with style and grace. It requires one to have physical strength, control and balance of the body. Female’s and male’s gymnastics are composed of several different events that gives them an opportunity to showcase their precision, strength, athleticism and flexibility.
The name gymnastics was derived from the Greek word (gymnos) that means naked related to the verb (gymnazo) meaning to train naked. This was then formed to gymnastics to mean to exercise or to train.
Historically, gymnastics was an exercise for men that focused on jumping, running, throwing, wrestling and swimming. This prepared Greek men for war after Greece was defeated by the Roman Empire. In 1881, the FIG-Federation of International Gymnastics was formed and by the end of the 19th century, competition in gymnastics became quite popular. In the 1896 Olympic Games, gymnastics was incorporated as a male competitive sport. Women begun to participate in organized gymnastic events and eventually participated in the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam. Standardization of the apparatus and events for both male and female happened in 1954 Olympic Games.
Gymnastics for Men
It includes pommel horse, floor exercise, vault, high bar, still rings and parallel bars. All the events require a lot of power and control. The male’s gymnast’s strength is shown in the high bar, parallel bars and vault. This is done as he tries to tries to twist, flip and swing as he maintains his body balance. For the floor exercise that is pommel horse, is set out to highlight the athlete’s coordinating, control, balance and precision.
Gymnastics for Women
For women, there are four main events that include uneven bars, vault, balance beam and floor exercise. The gymnast is challenged to showcase their coordination, agility, strength and grace. The most challenging is the balance beam that involves performing acrobatic and dance moves as they utilize their agility and balance on a 4 inch beam. Strength is shown as the athletes propel off the vault to do flips in the air and land balanced on their feet. The uneven bars involve swinging from one bar to another while using different transitions and switching the hands. The most favorite for audiences is the floor exercise, the gymnast dances while incorporating acrobatics to some music. In all the events, the goal is to land without taking any extra steps.
The gymnast score is determined from the deductions taken out of their start value. The start value is based on how difficult the elements of the event and whether they met the compositions requirements; which differ depending on the apparatus and is referred to as the D score. The deduction in artistry and execution is taken away from 10.0, this is the E score. The deductions from the E score are then added with the D score to get the final score.